Bachelor Of Architecture (b.arch) Courses From Manipal University Jaipur

School of Architecture & Design (SA&D), Manipal University Jaipur is dedicated to provide world class education meeting international standards. It aims to foster creative, innovative and intellectually vibrant learning that would establish academic and professional excellence in architecture. SA&D strives for excellence in imparting architectural education and training for changing socio-cultural aspirations, environmental compulsions, material & technological innovations, the IT revolution and globalization of economies. State of the art facilities, dedicated and experienced faculty and student-centric academic practices not confined to syllabus learning, are the hallmarks of the School. The quality of life at SA&D is designed to mould the students into professionals with good human values.
The Courses
1) Under graduate course in architecture
SA&D offers a five year professional course with a focus on creativity and innovation in architecture, leading to Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arch.) degree. It is approved by Council of Architecture (CoA) and is recognized in India and abroad. It is conducted in two stages. The first stage consists of three years of institutional academic studies. The second stage consists of two years of professional development including one year of practical training. The course covers:
Architectural Design
Architectural graphic skills, manual as well as computer based
Building Construction Technology
Structural Design and Systems
Basic Design and Visual Arts
History of Architecture, Art and Culture
Building Services and Equipment
Workshop Practice and Site Exposure
Building Materials and Sciences
Surveying and Levelling
Estimation, Costing and Specification writing
Climatology, Environmental Studies and Landscape
Humanities
Human Settlements and Vernacular Architecture
Building Bye Laws and Codes of Practice
Theory of Design
Computer Applications in Architecture (non graphic)
Project and Relevant Electives

2) Doctoral Programmes
Doctoral programmes are offered as full time as well as part time research initiatives of Manipal University, Jaipur. SA&D offers research guidance for Ph.D. in architecture and related areas. Scholarships are also given to deserving full time candidates.
Infrastructure and facilities
Besides excellent studios, lecture halls, library, computer lab, digital photography lab, food court, workshops, construction yard and lush green open environment for interactive learning, the school will have its USPs as
Climatology lab where the students will have a feel of the climatic parameters as they affect human comfort.
Architecture lab where students will have a feel of the magnitude and quality of spaces they design on their drawing boards.
Materials Museum, where students will get necessary data about the materials in the market and physically see the latest materials and technologies of building construction.
Exhibition hall, where the outstanding work of students will be displayed. Besides sharing the work of colleagues, it is expected to create a healthy competition amongst the students to continuously improve their performance.
Visual Art Studio, where painting and sculpture workshops will be held to sensitize the students towards aesthetics.

The Ado.NET Entity Framework Architecture

The Ado.NET Entity framework belongs to the .NET framework family and its main purpose is to extract the logical schema of the data and offer it in the form of conceptual schema to the application. It is a known fact that .net developers have to study a large amount of code and easing this problem is the Ado.Net entity framework. One of the main objectives is to help .Net application development capitalize on the advantages of the high level of abstraction that is needed for data programming thereby removing the mismatch that exists between languages and data models. The .NET developers are prevented from the dilemma of dealing with the confusion that the mismatch can create. The Entity Framework is available as part of the ADO.Net family of Microsoft dot net development platform.

In order to understand the role that Ado.Net entity framework plays and the platform that it offers to .Net development outsource companies, it is important to understand its architecture. The architecture of Ado.Net Entity framework comprises of various components and they include:

Specific Data Source Providers: The main function of this component is to abstract the Ado.Net interfaces thereby enabling .Net developers to connect it with the database when programming takes place against the conceptual scheme.

EDM Parser: This particular component along with view mapping picks up the SDL specification maps it onto the relational model and then facilitates programming against the conceptual model. Therefore, this helps .Net application development by assimilating information from multiple tables and then aggregating them into an independent entity.

Query and update: There is a query and update pipeline that helps in processing queries, it then filters and even updates requests to translate them into store specific queries through the help of the map provider.

Transactions and Metadata Services: Transactions help Microsoft dot net development to integrate with transactional abilities of the underlying store while metadata services helps in managing metadata in regard to relationships, entities and mappings.

Conceptual Layer API: This is the runtime that displays the programming model for coding and it helps .Net developers to use the ADO.Net for utilizing connection objects while referring to the map provider.

Disconnected Components: In the complete process of .Net application development, this helps in locally caching datasets and then utilizing Ado.Net entity framework in Entity Sets that contain the results.

Design Tools: .Net development outsource team also realizes that the Ado.Net framework also includes design tools such as mapping designer, which helps in easing the process of mapping a conceptual schema to the relational schema and also highlighting the characteristics of an entity type.

Immerse In The Quintessential Roman Architecture

Rome is one of those cities that has protected its roots and, at times, can seem suspended in the past. But alongside, modern life bustles around the framework of buildings, some of which are centuries old. Travellers who venture to this rich and passionate city can take the opportunity to observe many of these incredible buildings, whether staying in a luxurious Rome design hotel or simply walking through the historical streets. The art and mystery are in the details, and there are several landmarks that should be seen especially by those with an interest in architecture.

Explore history at the Pantheon and Colosseum

A perfect place to start getting to know the architecture of Rome is at the Colosseum. A famous landmark recognised by visitors worldwide, this iconic spot is more than 2,000 years old and, in days gone by, hosted ancient gladiator games pitting mens strength against each other and powerful animals. Those staying in a nearby Rome design hotel can walk to the site and you may want to try an audio tour to learn more about its thrilling past and incredible journey to completion.

In the same vein, the Pantheon is another impressive sight to behold, with a similar double millennia history. Its well preserved and stands as a spiritual monument to Romes culture, history and tradition. It may be best enjoyed with a tour at your own pace, but audio and private tours are available for those who wish to delve further. Out in front are plenty of cafes and places to relax in the piazza.

People watch at the Trevi Fountain

Fountains are a universal symbol of relaxation, and this famous one is wonderfully soothing, with the combination of gently flowing water and smooth marble statues. Locals and tourists alike gather at the Trevi Fountain to admire its beauty and indulge in a cool breeze. It is arguably the most intricate and beautiful fountain on the planet, and is completed in a Baroque style design. The fountain was completed in the 1700s and is now a place of luck for those who throw coins in the water.

Be amazed at religious architectural relics

Churches, like many Rome design hotels in the city, have amazing details in their architecture that connect them to their spirituality. Although St. Peters Bascilica is not strictly speaking in Rome (as the Vatican City is technically separate), it is a major landmark. The sheer size and magnitude of the structure is enough to mesmerise and, if you’re lucky, you can experience the elaborate masses, weddings and ceremonies that take place from time to time. Spend time at the Sistine Chapel, which has a stunning ceiling covered with intricate religious paintings. The artwork dates back to the 1400s and is more than 130 feet in length.

Restore Natural Sleep Architecture

Advances in brain polysomnography in the 1950s lead to our current understanding of what happens in the brain as we sleep. When we go to sleep our brain progresses through five stages of sleep:

Stages 1 and 2 light sleep begins the process of slowing brain waves;
Stages 3 and 4 known as slow wave sleep [SWS] or deep sleep follows;
Stage 5 or rapid eye movement [REM] predominates in the last third of the night.

The preservation of this natural brain rhythm of sleep or sleep architecture is every bit as important as the overall sleep time. We need to experience all 5 stages of sleep in order to wake rested.

These stages are not necessarily experienced in chronological order but cycle throughout the night. In stages 1& 2 sleep the mind is in a light sleep, easily roused. Stages 3 & 4 are a deeper level of sleep where rousing is more difficult and people report feeling disoriented if awakened. In Stage 5, or REM sleep, the brain activity is similar to that when awake but the body remains in full muscle paralysis except for respiratory and cardiac function. This allows the mind to experience a full dream without consequent bodily movement.

To obtain a good nights sleep it is very important to avoid factors that disrupt sleep architecture. Our sleep environment, the medication we take, our diet and our thought patterns can directly impede sleep patterns. The good news is, however, these factors are eminently within our control to change and the preservation of constructive sleep architecture will result in better sleep.

Zenbev contains a natural source of tryptophan, the precursor of natural melatonin in a patented blend of ingredients which allows for the restoration of sleep architecture in a way that no other sleep remedy allows. The conversion of natural source tryptophan to natural melatonin occurs in the dark and continues as long as your bedroom is dark. This natural production of melatonin allows all night long is different from synthetic melatonin which dissipates quickly after it is ingested.

An Initial Introduction To Interior Architecture

Interior architecture can be seen as different from architecture in that the interior rooms, halls, doorways + stairs can be re designed once the initial design for the architecture of the building as a whole is in place. Interior architecture can be used to completely re design, for example a room such as a kitchen, bathroom in a family home which is quite common or a meeting room or office layout in a business environment or modify the existing design based on original architecture.

The interior architecture of a building can be changed for many reasons, either practical, where the interior of a building is going to be used for a new purpose or due to changing fashions or updated technologies. Examples of this are very common in many towns and cities where the exterior of a building is in a style of when it was built, say in the late 19th century but it’s interior has been completely re vamped incorporating modern design fashions and the latest technology.

The use of interior architecture means that for many buildings over a hundred years old the development of the look and design of their interior and exterior could often be the work of many different architects or teams of architects. This has meant for many of our towns and cities the architecture on view can be widely varied and reflect many different periods of time, design fashions and architecture styles. Some of which can be seen as timeless whilst others from certain eras can be seen as garish and bad taste 20 – 30 years down the line.

However no matter what a buildings exterior may look like with the help of interior architects, refurbishment and fit out specialists the interior look and feel of many buildings can be totally transformed with enough time and money bringing them up to date, that is until the latest style, fashion and technologies need integrating a few years down the line.

The main thing to differentiate architecture + interior architecture is that an architect is concerned with the concept of designing a new building the interior architect is concerned with the modification of existing buildings, some of which the design can be seen as timeless and look good for centuries whilst other will be an eye saw and look dated within 10 – 30 years.

This is quite a large and interesting topic, for further reading would advise looking at books + articles, online, in bookshops, news agents or in libraries on architecture, design + interior design.
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Homeowners are benefiting from the economic downturn with home improvements.

Financial Crisis, economic slow down, downturn in the housing market has an impact on home improvements that can benefit the homeowner.

Consumer confidence is close to the lowest it’s been since the late 80’s. Home prices are dropping, foreclosures are rising, and fuel costs are high. While the news can be depressing, the impact can benefit homeowners planning home improvements. The housing slump is affecting home remodeling contractors and the home improvement stores that supply the construction materials.

Many home improvement and lumber merchants are starting campaigns to mark down prices. “This is providing the homeowner with more bargaining power and less expensive home improvement projects.” Said Debra, owner of Westmoreland Contractor Referral Service, in Greensburg. Pa. The housing slump is introducing new competition into the remodeling arena. Smaller homebuilders are actually diversifying their businesses to survive the downturn. Construction companies are looking into every aspect of their business and making adjustments. The result for the homeowner is lower material costs and reduced overhead cost, which results in an overall reduction in the cost of home repairs and remodeling.

Contractors are feeling the impact of the economic slow down which provides a unique benefit to the homeowner. Contractors can now purchase materials at lower prices and are able to pass these savings along to the homeowner. The slow down gives the homeowner the added benefit of contractor availability. A few months ago, a phone call might not have been returned as quickly as it will now. Contractors are working hard to find new business and keep their employees working. They’re literally looking for more business that they normally would pass on. “Homeowners now have more remodelers to choose from.” Debra said. “However, caution should be taken to ensure that the contractor is insured and is qualified to do the project.” Debra is the owner of Westmoreland Contractor Referral Service, which is a company that provides a free service to the homeowner by matching a prescreened qualified contractor based on the project specifications.

Homeowners that feel good about their equity situation should consider a home improvement project now. The benefits of home improvements can include not only savings on the cost but also can add value to the home and depending on the type of project can help to make a home more energy efficient.

Prospective homebuyers are now holding off on purchasing a new home and are finding that home updating, additions, and renovations are a more economical decision. “Instead of buying a new home.” Debra said. “They are adding on and renovating.” Even in severe downturns, people need to update and maintain their homes. Where some home improvements were not affordable a few months ago, now they are and homeowners can cash in on the deals. “Bottom line, if you have been putting off the home remodeling project and have the cash, now is the time to start that project.” Said Debra.

Best Home Energy Savings Program For Home Improvement

For home improvement you need home energy savings program which can assist in gaining lesser utility bills. Important thing you need to understand is sealing of air leaks as and when necessary.

Home improvement process can be aptly carried out when you look for correct home energy savings program. Too much consumption of energy resources in your home can gift you with bigger billing amount. How will you save yourself from such gift? You can control utility bills only when you analyze the reason behind increase in billing amount. In today’s expensive world people are finding it difficult to lead luxurious life and on top of that increase in electricity bills can be irritating. The scenario is such that outflow of cash is more than inflow which is leading to many problems.

It is essential for you to take some measures which can assist in reduction of electricity bill. You can personally scrutinize every electrical outlet of your home and can make out if there is ant kind of leakage problem or so. There is another option which nowadays many people adopt and that is hiring expert utility services or energy saving services. They will scrutinize every aspect related to consumption of electricity and will also look after your previous bills. This will help them in understanding the growing trend of bill and accordingly they can provide you with particular solution. If required, they may also get in touch with your service provider and negotiate on your behalf.

Home energy savings program can help you to gain lesser amount of utility bill but only when you follow them properly. Simple steps like turning off light when not required can also assist in gaining lower bill amount. Here are some of the simple home energy savings programs which can help you in best possible way:

Seal the area with air leaks if you owe heater or air condition.
Installation of thermostats can assist in analyzing the amount of electricity consumption.
If you have crawlspace ceiling then try to seal the leakage of air.
It is also advisable to install carbon monoxide detectors as it can help in providing solution related to energy savings.

How to look for appropriate performance oriented home energy savings program? Actually when you plan to hire expert services, it is important first to investigate a little about them. Such investigation can be done by going online and looking for best service provider. The service provider you select must be capable enough to evaluate the plan and implement it in best possible way. You can gain financial benefit with such programs only when you understand the problem and accordingly look out for particular solution.

Meenakshi Temple Madurai The Best Of Dravidian Architecture

Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple which is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu. This is among the most famous temples of India which is known throughout the world for its outstanding and impressive architectural beauty. In Hindu religion temple is the place which is reserved for spiritual and religious activities that include prayers and analogous rites.
Sri Meenakshi temple of Madurai is dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Meenakshi (Parvati). Goddess Meenakshi is an incarnation of the Goddess Parvati who is worshiped mainly by South Indians. The utmost architectural wonder of this templeis a testimony to the affluent Dravidian Culture. Some of the prominent features of this colossal temple are:

Temple Architecture:
This temple was built by Kulasekara Pandyan around 2000 years ago. The colossal structure of this temple is among the finest preserved monuments of the Dravidian style of temple architecture. Architectural and sculptural magnificence is the aspect of this temple which makes it popular throughout the world. The temple premise is surrounded by elevated wall which is adorned with various paintings and sculptures. The main deities of this temple are Lord Sundareswarar and Goddess Meenakshi, whose sanctums are encircled by number of smaller shrines and majestic pillared halls. Among the several magnificent structures the most striking ones are the 12 gopurams which are known for their bright colors painting and decoration of stucco figures of deities, animals, monsters, demigods, and celestial nymph.

Ashta Shakthi Mandapam:
This is located at the eastern entrance of the temple which is known for its 1,008 lamp holders. During festive occasions these lamps are lighted which gives spectacular sight to this place. Pillars of this structure are known for their carvings which depict the stories related to Meenakshi’s birth and LordShiva’s Thiruvilayadals (miracles). These pillars are carved on various mythological themes which mesmerizes visitors.

Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam:
It is situated adjacent to the Astha Shakthi Mandapam which is known for its 110 pillars. These pillars are famous for their beautiful carvings based on various religious and non-religious themes. A figure of animal with a lions body and an elephants head called Yalli is extremely beautiful.

Porthamarai Kulam (Golden Lotus Tank): >
This is the sacred lake situated inside the temple premises, in which devotees take bath. According to the Indian mythology it is believed that Indra bathed in this tank to wash away his sin, and then worshiped Lord Shiva with golden lotus flowers from the tank. It is surrounded by the corridor which is known for its beautiful sculptures based on various religious themes. The pillars on the northern side of this corridor are decorated with 24 poets of the Third Tamil Sangam.

Some of the other well known attractions of grand Dravidian style edifice are Oonjal Mandapam, Swami Sundareswarar Shrine, Kalyana Mandapam, Aayiram Kaal Mandapam or Thousand Pillar Hall and many more.

Affording New Projects With Home Improvement Loans

A homeowner’s job is never done; there are always new maintenance projects to get working on. It is well worth the time and effort, since doing so is an investment in your home’s worth. But getting together the money it takes to go ahead with large projects, such as replacing the roof, remodeling, or building an addition, can be difficult. You can get a home improvement loan so that you can begin on your improvement project. If you are careful about choosing a loan with good terms and rates, you can benefit greatly.

Home improvements loans are unsecured and do not require collateral, though their funds must be used to finance on home improvement projects. If you do not want to take away from the equity you have built in your home, these loans are a better choice than home equity loans. They are charged higher fees and may be added onto the principal of your mortgage.

On the other hand, home improvement loans can be taken out in small quantities and the application process is easy. If you only plan on borrowing a small amount, you may want to look into a line of credit; otherwise, a fixed rate loan is your best option.

Taking out home improvement loans give you quite a bit of flexibility when it comes to how you will handle a home improvement project. You can opt to work on your home yourself or hire a contractor and pay them with the funds from your loan. If you speak with a local real estate agent, you can figure out which home improvement projects do the most for the value of your home. That way your project can be a very valuable investment in your home.

Comparing rates from several agencies is the best way to get an excellent rate on your loan. No two loans will be exactly the same; lenders can make small adjustments to the terms. You can learn more about current rates and how interest affects your loan by using free online services. Online, you can view many lenders at once and see what rates they are offering. Thinking about these factors will allow you to make the best choice possible when selecting home improvement loans.

Exclusive Home Improvement and Remodeling Ideas

A great home improvement would comprise of myriad of elements, out of which certain areas need special consideration and extensive planning to give your home the dream look. The basics of home design embrace colors, step by step designing of rooms, kitchen remodeling and last but not the least bathroom remodeling. While the process may seem daunting as you have so many things to consider, but trust me decoration is all about creating beautiful environment with collections, art, and furnishings.

Kitchen Remodeling

While it is the loveliest place for a woman, it is also one of the visited parts of your home. So kitchen remodeling should start with painting. Painting could hide the stains and instantly give your kitchen a brand new look. How do you think would add a spark to your kitchen if you add a cabinet or hardware in place? Try it; it works. Next, floor tiles can also offer a facelift to the kitchen. Nonetheless, new utensils, a new fruit basket, kitchen wallpaper, and glass panes can add an extra note to your kitchen. Kitchen remodeling can change the overall appearance of your place if you can match the dcor with the color of the paint.

Bathroom Remodeling

Creating a better bathroom design is not just a matter of indulgence; rather, its a smart way of living. The best way to improve the existing design is to add a second full bath to the existing one bath house, or you can modify the existing bath too. Please note, a remodeled bath can add a new dimension. Apart from painting the bathroom with your favorite color, bathroom remodeling also involve configuration, style, and size alteration. Consider if the space you have is enough to accommodate two people, or you need enough store or counter space. If you are planning for simple redecoration, your own imagination would be enough. If you want to take it to a whole new level, you might want to talk with bath design professionals. With new construction, it is easier to fit a master bath within the master bedroom or a bath near the child bed room. Remodeling a bathroom may involve relocation and fixtures with accompanying drain or vent pipes, moving windows and doors, and even occupying space from nearby bedrooms and closets. You may also need extra supply of fittings and fixtures to give the bathroom a nostalgic appearance with contemporary performance. It all depends on how you want to do it.

Whether it is kitchen remodeling, bathroom remodeling or an overall home improvement, every element that goes into it requires extensive planning and creative use of imagination, even if you are hiring an architect for it. After all, its your dream home and you and your family should be a part of the home improvement project. Whether its remodeling of the existing home, or building a new one, process for both are same.